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Level Zero Training Checksheets

Ever since the modern grade chart was issued in 1965, the first  level of orthodox professional Scientology auditor training has  been Level Zero (also referred to as Class Zero) which is aimed  at training a student so that he can produce both an ARC  Straightwire Release (recall processes) and a Communication  Release (grade zero communication processes) in the preclear.  Level zero is also known as the Hubbard Recognized Scientologist  or HRS course. 

The training materials and checksheets and prerequisites and even  the processes to be run have varied immensely over the years.  The checksheets themselves are hard to come by because the  students generally hand in the completed and signed off checksheet  when they finish the course. 

These checksheets were never by Ron, sometimes being simple  black on white mimeographed sheets, or Board Policy Letters (BPLs)  or HCO Policy Letters (HCOPLs) that were not by Ron and which  are not in the tech volumes. 

I don't have the original checksheets that I trained on nor  do I have the various later ones that I used while supervision  or auditing on staff.  During that period (1966 to 1971), the  checksheets pretty much changed every year.  So I'm depending  on memory for the early training lineup. 

There is an HCOB of 11 DEC 64 called "Curriculum for Level  Zero - HAS" which can be found in old tech volume 5.  This  is just prior to the release of the grade chart and Class 0  was being called HAS rather than HRS at that time.  It does  cover the class zero communication processes.  It omits  metering.  And it has much more in the area of basics such  as the Dynamics and the Dianetic Axioms etc. than the later  HRS class zero checksheets. 

I do have BPL 26 Jan 72R as revised and reissued in 11 Oct 74  and which cancels and replaces the original HCOPL of 26 Jan 72.  This is the "Scientology Level 0 Standard Academy Checksheet".  This was an HCOPL not by Ron which was redone as a BPL when  they decided to stop issuing non-LRH policies. 

This 1974 BPL is by "Training and Services Aids, revised by  Warrent Officer Ron Shafron CS-4 (Commodore Staff 4 = tech  division) and reissued as BPL by flag mission 1234, mission  in charge CPO Andrea Lewis assisted by Molly Harlow for the  Board of Directors of the Churches of Scientology".  The initials line is BDCS: HH: BW: RS: AL: MH: mh (the  HH and BW would be the training and services aids, but I'm  not sure who these were, the rest are Shafron etc. as above  and finally an "mh" who would be the typist). 

This 1974 checksheet was be the maximum strength expanded  grades checksheet.  It includes the BTBs (Board technical  Bulletins - these are HCOBs not by Ron) which give extensive  auditor expertise drills and so forth that were used during  this period in the 1970s.  Hopefully somebody will post  these BTBs since they are not in the tech volumes.  These  were later dropped as not being by Ron, but the new golden  age seems to be introducing a new (or possibly the same)  set of expertise drills because such a thing has always  been a useful way of making good auditors. 

I also have a late era checksheet.  This is HCOPL of 22 Sep 78RB  revised 21 Nov 87.  This is a much shorter shallower checksheet  without the extensive drilling etc. of the early 70s checksheet.  These came into fashion in 1978 about when Ron was off the  lines and pretty much endured with minor variations until  the recent golden age checksheets (which I don't have).  The 1987 checksheet is by "L. Ron Hubbard, revision assisted  by LRH Technical Research and Compilations" but that is  followed by this statement "(the directions, drills and study  assignments which make up this course checksheet were  written by LRH Technical Research and Compilations staff.  The compilation of this checksheet was done according to  specific LRH advices on what materials should be on this  course, as well as LRH policies and instructions which  prescribe the standard format for course checksheets)".  The 1987 checksheet has the following initials line  "LRH: CSI: RTRC: dr. bk. fa. rw. gm".  The copyright  line is 1978, 1982, 1984 by LRH and 1987 by LRH Library.  I would say that this means that there are also two  other intermediate revisions between the 1978 original  and the 1987 revision that I am quoting.  There may be  subsequent revisions between the 1987 version and  the golden age, but I would assume that all variations  of this checksheet are similar. 

As to earlier checksheets, the 1966 version was very  short and was known to only contain essential materials,  being taught with maximum supervisor support as to  additional references.   

There was a huge 1967 checksheet which was supposed to  reflect briefing course level expertise on the subject  and had about twice as many materials as any subsequent  checksheets but which was so long that nobody ever  graduated before the checksheet was cancelled.  Copies  of these were subsequently kept in cramming for use  in finding additional references when students had  questions or difficulties. 

The 1968 (actually late 1967) version was the last  pre-standard tech variation.  It was similar to the  1974 checksheet without the later expertise drills  or the modern materials (expanded grades etc.).  The 1969 checksheet was a standard tech quicky  variation, using triple flow grades processes and  flying ruds along with various class 8 references  which attempted to produce a grade zero release  in 15 minutes instead of the 3 to 5 hours that  used to be normal for running the basic grade zero  processes. 

The 1970 checksheet was the beginning of expanded  grades, including references on older processes  which had previously been considered obsolete and  material from the CS series aimed at producing  stable gains. 

All of these were black on white.  The first official  checksheet was the 1972 HCOPL which evolved into  the 1974 BTB discussed above. 

Since the 1974 and 1987 checksheets are only samples of  a varying history, and to avoid copyright fights with  the org, it seemed best for me to write up an all time  composite level 0 materials list that could be freely  copied around and put up at websites. 

I also compared the E-meter section of the course to  an E-Meter Course checksheet.  This is HCOPL of 23 JAN 80R  revised 5 JAN 81.  It is by LRH for the Board of Directors  of the CofS of California and has an initials line of  "BDCSC:LRH:bk". 


This writeup is intended for use either as a guide to self  study or a reference source for developing checksheets at  freezone organizations which wish to parallel the  orthodox curriculum.  It is not itself a checksheet  but rather is a survey of what usually goes on such  checksheets. 

It is also useful as a reference when developing  revised training approaches because it identifies  various basics that need to be covered.  This is  my own reason for doing it before working out a  co-auditor's handbook. 

Many of the materials are in the old tech volumes and  are already available on the internet.  Most of the  books are online as well.  Hopefully somebody will  post the tape transcripts and the various other  missing items such as BTBs and later revised HCOBs.  I have labeled all materials which can be found in  the old tech volumes with the designation TV# where  the # gives the volume number.  I have also checked  these against the new (1991) tech volumes and shown the  new volume number as NTV#.  In most cases the bulletins  are the same and when there is a later revision (or  a bulletin that only exists in the new set), I have  so noted it. 

When the old tech volumes 1-12 were posted to the  internet recently, 2 additional pseudo volumes  numbered 13 and 14 were posted as well.  These  contain various bulletins issued in the 1980  timeframe subsequent to tech volume 12. 

I have taken some liberties in arranging and titling  the sections.  The two checksheets don't quite align  as to headings and sequence and I have adjusted these  in a reasonable manner. 

I have also introduced quite a bit of history and added  my own opinions on things.  You can ignore those if  you want.  Every bulletin and tape that was on either  checksheet is listed here and you can just look those  up and read them. 

Items marked with a "*" were star rated on the checksheet.  This meant getting a checkout rather than simply reading  the bulletin. 

Note that this has not been proofread by anybody else  or double checked (and most of it was done late at  night in the middle of a heavy work schedule), so  there may be a few errors. 


A. TRs

TR means Training Routine, or in older usage, Training  Rudiment.  These are the basic communication drills.  The success through communication course is a modern  beginner's TRs course. 

The 1966 lineup had a beginner's communication course  known as the HAS (Hubbard Associate Scientologist)  course. 

This was a TRs course (TR 0 to 4) taught on a light  gradient. 

During 1966-67 this was taught with the permissive  coaching variation given in HCOB 29 April 63 "Modernized  Training Drills Using Permissive Coaching" in TV5.  This bulletin was cancelled in 1970.  The tech vols  show this as by LRH but the older copies show that it  was by Reg Sharp for LRH. 

In 1966 this was the only prerequisite to level 0 so that  the training consisted of doing a permissive style TRs  course and then going directly onto level zero  which included a run through the 1961 style TRs  (HCOB 17 Apr 61 Training Drills Modernized in TV4)  which is very close to the 1971 revision (HCOB  16 Aug 71 Training Drills Modernized in TV7).  (this is in NTV 9 as revised 5 JUL 78, and oddly  enough there is an even later revision of 4 SEP 80  in TV 14 which must have been cancelled before  the new tech volumes were released). 

In other words, both standard TRs and permissive  style TRs training was in use concurrently in 1966.  I would recommend the permissive coaching version  as being a good variation to do once sometime during  one's training but that it should not be the primary  version used.  After the permissive style was replaced  by standard TRs in the early courses, it was brought  back as a one time run through sometime during early  auditor training, possibly on level 1 or 2.  It  then came and went periodically from the checksheets.  Based on an older comment by Ron about not doing  bullbaiting on new people, bullbaiting was very  briefly removed from the TRs course and the stats  crashed instantly so it was put back in.  New people  liked doing the bullbaiting and the course was  boring without it. 

HCOPL 1 JUL 65 "Comm Cycle Additives" included the  statement that "all auditors talk to much".  Initially  this only reduced excessive chatter but it began a  steady decrease in communication because no matter  how little an auditor talked, the policy still said  that they talked too much and so they would talk  even less in the following year.  Because of this,  by 1968 the communication had become minimal and  robotic and the TRs became very unnatural.  Early TR coaching had the idea that you should  coach the thetan rather than the body.  If you  coach the body, the student's attention goes  onto his body instead of staying on the person  in front of him and the TRs become much harder to  get through. 

With the initial class 8 course in 1968, quickie  tech failures were being blamed on out TRs and  so marathon TRs drilling was being done with  more and more robotic results and an increasing  emphasis on physical rather than theta oriented  coaching.  This culminated with the "hard TRs  course" that drilled blinkless TRs late in 1969.  The end result was extremely poor and inadequate  TRs and auditors who were out of communication  with the pc (preclear). 

To correct this out communication, the old PAB on  handling pc originations was put back in and auditors  were drilled in actually communication with the pc  again.  And eventually the blinkless TRs were  cancelled. 

Also, to handle the excessive unnaturalness, LRH  demo sessions became part of the TRs training so  that the students could hear how one should audit.  Unfortunately, there was already such a tradition  of minimal talking and robotic application that  they only went about halfway with this.  However,  it was still an improvement.  The demo tapes used  are the ones marked MTS-# in the tape master list  that I put out recently. 

But by this point TRs had been made arduous and the  flaw of coaching the body rather than the thetan  never was corrected.

As a result, TRs became a big deal and a separate  professional TRs course was developed which had  to be done as a prerequisite to class zero.  And  even with that they tend to be a bit unnatural in  most cases. 

B. Study Tech and Word Clearing

My original class zero course in 1966 only had a  single study tape, the one on data assimilation.  By 1967, there was a separate student hat checksheet  with the study tapes and various bulletins on giving  checkouts and so forth.  This was initially thrown  in as a freebie with level zero and later became a  separate course that was done as a prerequisite.  Modern metered word clearing was introduced in the  early 1970s.  This especially included the method 4  meter checks for misunderstoods on bulletins and  the method 1 rundown which was a major case action.  To this was added having the student look up every  word in the study materials to produce a "super literate".  In earlier training, handling of misunderstoods was  primarily used as a corrective action when a student  got into trouble.  That seemed to work very well.  The later handling emphasised misunderstoods excessively.  This tended to slow students down with unnecessary  actions and tended to make people afraid to study  for fear of getting MUs. 

In practice, the ability to pass words one does not  understand without becoming unconscious, irritated,  or confused is more valuable than simply getting  huge numbers of words defined because that allows  you to determine the meaning of something by further  study.  And the ability to get accurate meanings from  context improves understanding, it is only bad when  you get the wrong meaning and end up misunderstanding  something. 

Eventually all of this evolved into the "key to life"  and "life orientation course" putting more prerequisites  in the way of starting auditor training. 

There are people who have trouble reading.  Sometimes  a grammar course or some word clearing will be helpful.  But once a person can read to some degree, the best  way to improve the skill and make it comfortable,  fast, and pleasant is simply to have them read huge  quantities, and that is best done by giving them  things they enjoy reading even if it is the worst  trash imaginable.  With enough quantity done with  high enough ARC, the misunderstood word phenomena  pretty much ceases to exist. 

So I would say that the correct prerequisite is to  make sure that the student can read comfortably (and  handle that if needed), and then have them listen to  the study tapes. 

The study tapes are:
These are all from 1964 except for the last one which is from 1966.
SH Spec-24 ren 387 18 Jun  Studying: Introduction <ST-1, study cass>
SH Spec-28 ren 391  9 Jul  Studying: Data Assimilation <ST-2, study cass>
SH Spec-33 ren 396  4 Aug  A Summary of Study <ST-3 study cass>
SH Spec-34 ren 397  6 Aug  Study: Gradients and Nomenclature <ST-4 study cass>
SH Spec-35 ren 398 11 Aug  Study: Evaluation of Information <ST-5 study cass>
SH Spec-36 ren 399 13 Aug  Study and Education <ST-6 study cass>
SH Spec-40 ren 403 22 Sep  A Review of Study <ST-7 study cass>
SH Spec-76 ren 439 18 Aug  Study and Intention (also known as "Roundup of Study") <ST-8, study cass> 


The 1966 course lineup moved the student immediately onto  level zero after a communication (TRs) course, but this was  a bit too steep of a gradient because the student had no  experience auditing and had to study too much before getting  any feel for what auditing was. 

So a beginners level course called the HQS or Hubbard Qualified  Scientologist course was added which taught some basics, mostly  by means of lecture by the instructor, and taught the students  some basic assists such as the touch assist and contact assist  which they then could audit.

Slightly later, the book self analysis was also added to the  course and the students did an unmetered co-audit of the  book, which gave them a real feeling for how to audit somebody  else.  This seemed to be a very successful action.  Note that both the HAS and HQS designations, which refer to  beginners courses from the late 1960s onward, had previously been  used in the late 1950s and early 1960s for more advanced  professional courses which corresponded more closely to the  level 0 and level 1 auditing skills.  So these designations  have a different meaning in older bulletins. 

In the late 1970s, an objectives co-audit called the survival  rundown was added after the purification rundown.  Again this  was unmetered.  Subsequently this was labeled as a David Mayo  development and removed from the lineup.  But it eventually  returned as the "TRs and Objectives Co-audit".  However it is  not a required step in most cases.

The current lineup has most people doing the purification  rundown early on and then they have to get the scientology  drug rundown, which requires class 3 level auditing skills.  This tends to derail most efforts to co-audit all the way  up the bridge.

I would suggest that a good deal of unmetered co-auditing  should be done before professional training.  This will keep  the student from interiorizing into the e-meter and help  him to confront the preclear and be in better communication.  The self-analysis book is good for this, or the early chapters  of the self-clearing book, or even objective processes such  as those done on the survival rundown. 

In all cases, however, unmetered co-auditing does need  to include basic training on essentials such as the auditor's  code and the auditing communication cycle.  Materials on  this could be extracted from the level zero references below. 


There is a set of cassettes called the essentials of auditing.
The full set consists of:
5ACC-25             3 May 54 Viewpoint Straightwire
8ACC-5A  ren  4     7 Oct 54 Elementary Straightwire
3SACC-2            24 Jan 61 Presession 38
SHSBC-44  ren 48   23 Aug 61 Auditing Basics  <essen. cass>
SHSBC-46  ren 50   29 Aug 61 Basics of Auditing <L1 cass><essen. cass>
SHSBC-49  ren 53    5 Sep 61 Principles of Auditing <essen. cass>
SHSBC-189 ren 209  18 Sep 62 Directing Pc's Attention <ess. cass.>
SHSBC-206 ren 235   1 Nov 62 The Missed Missed Withhold <L2 cass>
SHSBC-313 ren 344  16 Oct 63 The Itsa Maker Line
SH Spec-46 ren 410 10 Nov 64 PTPs, Overts and ARC Breaks <Ess. Cass>

See the tape master list for more information on tapes in general.  Note that I carelessly didn't mark a few of these as being included  in the essentials cassettes when I put together the master list.  The set is still available, but they are old style loose cassettes  (without transcripts) rather than modern clear sound editions.  These are recommended for giving a good overview of modern  auditing and it would be valuable to hear some or all of them  before doing level 0 training.

Oddly enough, the tape called "Itsa Maker Line" was always  part of the old level zero checksheet and was consider to be  one of the most important lectures on the level.  But when the  original academy cassettes were issued, it was left out of the  level zero cassettes because everybody was already getting it  as part of the essentials cassettes.  But the essentials  cassettes were not an academy prerequisite and the series fell  out of favor because it wasn't on clearsound, and as a result  the orgs seem to have dropped this important tape from level 0.  Itsa stands for "It is a ..." and it is used in the context of  getting the pc to identify things and say what they are  rather than sitting in wonderment and uncertainty.  There is  more on this in Super Scio chapter 3. 

Another essential which is not really well covered until class 3  training is the overrun phenomena and how to rehabilitate a  release if it is bypassed.  There are some basics in the  "Auditor's Rights" bulletin in the level zero materials below,  but it is a bit skimpy.  And the full materials on handling  overrun at level 3 are probably too much for a beginner because  they aim at solving the problem of how to do it as a repair  action (which is harder than fixing an overrun on the spot).  Here I would recommend the simple introduction given in the  early chapters of the self-clearing book in addition to the  Auditor's Rights bulletin. 


I think that early training on the e-meter is a mistake.  The beginner ends up auditing the meter instead of the preclear.  When Ron set up the 1965 lineup (described in various briefing  course lectures on the class chart) he included the idea that  real metering skills were not necessary until class 2 and  therefore would not be taught until that point.  This allowed  beginning auditors to learn how to audit before they had to  worry about the e-meter. 

The class 0 auditor only did the first 10 e-meter drills  so as to get a bit familiar with it and he was to audit  with a meter in front of him so as to get used to it, but  he was not expected to actually read the meter.  It was  only used for noting down the pc's tone arm position and  to see a floating needle when it occurred. 

This had the nice effect of causing the auditor to look  at the preclear and listen to him and not fiddle with  or stare at the meter.  And gradually the student's  peripheral perception of the meter improved while doing  this. 

People who audited a good bit of grade 0 and 1 on pcs  before learning to look at the meter for reads tended  to see reads easily and accurately without having to  stare down at the meter once they began serious meter  training at level 2. 

All early meter training expected that the auditor looked  at the pc rather than the meter and drilled him (e-meter  drill 27) on being able to see it well while looking  primarily at the pc. 

Later (1970s), there was a bulletin saying to look at  the meter to keep from missing reads.  The result of  this was auditors being required to look away from the  pc and as a result the meter became much harder to read.  It responds to how comfortable and in communication  the preclear feels and most pcs do not feel comfortable  staring at an auditors whose head is buried in his meter.  In modern tech, only class 10s and above are taught to  read a meter without looking down at it.  This was a  class 2 skill in the old days, and its easier that way.  But you need to audit first and learn metering second  to develop this in an easy and comfortable manner  instead of doing endless drilling.

Beginning with the class 8 course in 1968, the rudiments  had to be taken to a floating needle instead of simply  being clean.  This created some difficulty since the  auditors did not learn all the skills required to FN  the rudiments ("flying the ruds") until class 3.  One solution was to have upper level students fly the  ruds for the lower level ones.  And there was a light  version of flying the rudiments which was on a bulletin  (long gone) about doing rudiments at lower levels.  Then the standard dianetic course came out in 1969 and  was generally done before class zero training.  That  also required being able to read the meter to do a  dianetic assessment.  That produced a major block in the  training lineup because strong meter skills were needed  before the person could start auditing.  It was terribly  difficult to get beginners through this course.  Eventually  it was moved after class 4. 

In 1970, the grades were expanded.  Some of the processes  put onto grade zero required meter assessment to find  items for use in commands.  The original grade zero  processes had been done without checking for reading  items but simply by auditor selection of topics to  talk about.  The additional processes were from more  advanced training levels such as the briefing course  and therefore assumed that the auditor already had  strong metering skills.  They should have been modified  into simple class zero style processes, but of course  this wasn't done. 

As a result, more metering skill was needed at level  zero. 

Eventually there was a tendency to have the student  do a full professional level meter reading course  before beginning his training.  That usually took  longer than the entire level zero training because  it was being done in the absence of any auditing  experience. 

The 1974 level zero checksheet only includes a light  amount of meter training, but the 1987 one has the  full set of meter drills along with tapes on reading  the meter etc.  In the modern training lineup, they  pretty much repeat the entirety of meter training  at each level, and they still don't usually get good  metering skills until class 2.  In general the 1987  checksheet is skimpier than the old one, but this  area is the exception.  I would say that Ron was right the first time.  Have  the student audit the pc and not worry about the  e-meter until he learns to audit.  Let the thing  sit there and be ignored until it is really needed for  the assessments and so forth at levels 2 and above.  That not only speeds up training but it makes auditors  who are very good at observing the pc.




Often books were marked as to be read by the end of  the course rather than having a specific place on  the cheeksheet. 


This book is always on level zero because it has so much  basic material on communication.  The 1987 checksheet  has it in the middle of the course and the 1974 checksheet  simply says that it is to be read by the end of the course.  Sometimes the chapter on communication was star rated.  Sometimes basic ideas on communication were to be done  in clay. 

I would recommend reading it fairly early in the course  because the material is very basic.


This book is always on level 0 because it gives basic data  on recall processes and is usually used as part of the  lineup to produce a recall release.  Sometimes the person  will have already co-audited it before doing level zero.  It runs well solo or co-audited on or off the meter.  1.3 ADVANCED PROCEDURES AND AXIOMS (Axioms section only).  This is on the 1974 checksheet but not the later checksheet.  Older checksheets usually included some or all of the  Scientology axioms, usually from the smaller axioms book  rather than AP&A so as not to tempt the student with all  the other chapters that aren't part of class 0.  The 1966 training took all the Scientology axioms and  split them across levels 0 to 4, giving about 10 or  so per level and then required you to memorize them so  that eventually you would know them all by heart.  This was not really ideal for understanding, so by 1967  they changed over to having the student do each axiom  in clay. 

The 1974 lineup simply had the student study them, but  note that he studied all of them at level zero.  I think  that this is best for a beginning student, and then  perhaps have him do them in clay at a more advanced level.  The really long 1967 checksheet even included the 1952  taped lectures on the Axioms.  This is also not a bad  idea for developing good understanding of the subject.  The modern checksheet drops this area entirely and I  think it is a mistake. 

1.4 Books on metering

b) E-Meter Essentials
c) The Book of E-Meter Drills
These are on the 1987 checksheet as part of learning metering.  The 1974 checksheet omits E-meter essentials and only references  e-meter drills 1 to 21.  Early level zero checksheets only  used drills 1 to 10 as noted earlier. 

1.5 Level 0 Checksheet

At one time there was also a book called "Level 0 Checksheet"  that held the various PABs and magazine articles which were  on the Level 0 checksheet.  But in later times these could  also be found in the tech volumes so the book has pretty much  disappeared. 

1.6 Tech Films

Of course there were no tech films in the early 1970s.  The 1987 checksheet has a place where the instructor can  write in the names of the films to be viewed, but there  is no list of films by name.

This might be because so many were cancelled and then so  many new ones were coming out that the film lineup was  unstable.  Note that David Mayo, for example, appeared  in some of the early tech films and therefore these had  to be cancelled and that kind of thing may have continued  to happen. 

1.7 Phoenix Lectures

This book was never on level 0, but older checksheets  prior to 1970 usually had the "Scientology Its General  Backgrounds" taped lectures which are transcribed in chapters 1 to 3 of this book.  The book also has a chapter on  straightwire which is good background, and the lectures  on the axioms and the 4 conditions would seem to be  appropriate for early study. 


Per policy they always include KSW and Tech Degrades at the  beginning of every course and star rate them.

* HCOPL 7 FEB 65 Keeping Scientology Working  Reissued 15 Jun 70 and corrected 28 Jan 73 on the 1974  checksheet.  The 1987 has the even later revision which  makes it KSW series 1.  Oddly enough, the version in the  new tech volumes (NVS1) simply has the original date of  7 FEB 65 with no revision history or date, but it has all  the later revisions in the text. 

* HCOPL 17 JUN 70 Technical Degrades on the 1974 checksheet.  The 1987 checksheet has the 17 Jun 70RB version of 25 Oct 83  which makes this KSW Series 5R. 

The 1974 checksheet also includes the following which  are not on the newer checksheet.  Note that many of these  are policies and therefore are not usually in the tech volumes. 



* HCOB  25 JUN 71R revised 25 NOV 74 BARRIERS TO STUDY (word clearing series 3R) (TV 7) (NTV 9) 

* HCOPL 31 MAY 68 (reissued from Flag Order 808) AUDITORS (not in either set of TVs) 


This section is only on the 1974 checksheet.

* HCOPL 27 MAY 65 Processing (TV 6) (NTV 7) (this one is on the 1987 checksheet in a later section)

* HCOPL 15 DEC 65 Student's Guide to acceptable behavior (not in either set of TVs)

* HCOPL 14 FEB 65 reissued 7 JUN 67 Safeguarding Tech(TV 6)(in NTV 7 in the even later revision that made it KSW series 4, but under the original date with no hint that it is a revision) 

* HCOB  27 SEP 66 The Anti-Social Personality (TV 6) (NTV 8)

* HCOPL 22 NOV 67 rev 18 JUL 70 Out Tech (original in TV 6, as revised in TV 7, and TV 14 has a later revision of 16 FEB 81)

* HCOPL  8 JUN 70 Student Auditing (the 11 JAN 85 revision of this one is on the 1987 checksheet but at a later point).  Note that student auditing policies varied over the years as to whether the students could co-audit or audit freecenter preclears or audit staff members etc.


The 1987 checksheet has -  The Classification, Gradation and Awareness chart of Levels  and Certificates - Class 0 auditor section, ARC straightwire  expanded and grade 0 expanded sections. 

HCOPL 23 OCT 80 R rev 16 NOV 87 Chart of Abilities Gained For Lower Levels and Expanded Lower Grades.(NTV 12) (TV 13 has the 1980 version) 

And they have the student do clay demos of the abilities gained.

The 1974 checksheet has -
BPL 25 JUN 70R rev 11 SEP 74 Expanded Lower Grades Chart of Abilities Gained.  (not in either set of TVs) 

The really old checksheets just had whatever grade chart was current.


HCOB 25 SEP 71R rev 4 APR 74 Tone Scale in Full (TV 7)
The 1987 checksheet has the 1 APR 78 revision. (TV 14) (NTV 9) 

HCOB 26 OCT 70 Obnosis and the Tone Scale.
The 1974 course pack has this as a BTB instead of an HCOB.
By 1987 it was back to being an HCOB. (TV 7) (NTV 9)

The 1974 checksheet also has -

BTB 20 JUL 74 Auditor Expertise Drills Series No. 1 -     Basic Auditor Drills (which replaces 9 OCT 71 "Basic Drills") 

At this point in the checksheet they have the student  do drills ED 3 to 8 which have to do with obnosis and the  tone scale.  The BTB includes ED 1 to 20, some of which  are done elsewhere on the checksheet.  I did these when  they came out and I recommend them highly. 

Older class zero checksheets generally had a tone scale  section.  The slightly older bulletin is 18 SEP 67 SCALES  and other earlier versions of this.  Sometimes the tone  levels were done in clay.  Sometimes there was a drill  to go around and spot and match tone levels (but not as  elaborate as the expertise drills). 

The 1987 checksheet has an obnosis drill as follows -  "With another student (who acts as a coach) go around  the course room.  The coach takes the student around  so the student can clearly see other individual students  (without interrupting them) and asks the student doing  this drill, "What do you see?"  The coach accepts nothing  that isn't plainly visible.  The drill is passed when the  student has demonstrated that he can see just what is  there visible and plain to the eye.

The Ruth Minshull book "How to choose your people" also  provides a good introduction to the tone scale, and  the LRH book "Science of Survival" provides a great  deal of detail. 

The Hubbard College Lectures has an excellent one on  the Tone Scale which I would recommend for this section  of the course.  It is HCL-6 "Emotion" and is in new  R&D volume 9.

This level is an excellent time to get a good grounding  in the tone scale and in observing people. 


Older checksheets used the 1954 auditor's code which can  be found in CofHA among other places.  The code was significantly rewritten as part of Class 8  standard tech to the "I promise ..." version.

The 1974 checksheet has * HCOPL 14 OCT 68 The Auditor's Code AD18 plus * HCOPL 2 NOV 68 Auditor's Code additions which added numbers 26 to 28.  (TV 6) 

The 1987 checksheet has * HCOPL 14 OCT 68RA rev 19 JUN 80.(NTV 8) (TV 14 has it as HCOB 19 JUN 80)

In both cases (and most earlier checksheets), each point  of the code was to be demonstrated in clay.  Some earlier  checksheets also required memorizing and reciting the  code from memory. 

I would suggest studying both the 1954 code and the AD18  (1968) code.  Note that the 1968 code was in use at the  hight of quickies.  In general the older code is preferable.  It would not be a bad idea to also include an early  tape on the auditor's code at this point.  I think  that the big 1967 checksheet had one of these but  I don't recall which one. 


Although I would defer meter reading until a more advanced  level, the basics of handling a meter are still needed so  that the class zero student can handle one in session so  as to get used to it and also to note the tone arm (TA) position  and recognize a floating needle (FN). 

Here both checksheets have the book introducing the  e-meter.  There is also a book called "Understanding the  E-meter" which might be substituted. 

* HCOB 14 OCT 68 "You must never never ..." ("Meter Position")  (older copies of the above do not have a title.  It begins  with the sentence "You must never " and was referred to that  way on checksheets including the 1974 checksheet.  In later  years, the title "Meter Position" appears at the top of the  bulletin, but there is no indication of a revision or any  corresponding change in copyright or signature etc.  It is  this way in both TV 6 and NTV 8) 

* HCOB 11 MAY 69 Meter Trim Check (TV 6) (the 1987 checksheet has the 8 JUL 78 revision)    (TV 14) (NTV 8) 

BTB 14 JAN 63 (HCOB reissued as a BTB 25 JUL 74) "Rings Causing Rockslams"  (not on the 1987 checksheet)(this is also on the e-meter course checksheet)(not in either set of TVs) 

* HCOB 18 MAR 74 E-meter Sensitivity Errors (TV 8)(the above is not on the 1987 checksheet)(the e-meter course checksheet has the 22 FEB 79 revision)(TV 14) (NTV 10) 

HCOB 23 MAY 71 Metering (basic auditing series 11)(NTV 9) (TV 9) 

* HCOB 10 DEC 65 E-Meter Drill Coaching (TV 6) (NTV 7) 

The emeter course checksheet also includes -

If the Sept 79 revised edition of E-Meter Essentials is not  available, study it in conjunction with HCOPL 21 FEB 79  corrected 6 MAY 79 "E-Meter essentials errata sheet". (not in either TV)

HCOB 7 FEB 79R rev 15 FEB 79 "E-meter drill 5RA can squeeze". (TV 12) (NTV 11 has the 10 MAR 88 revision)

HCOB 3 SEP 78 Definition of a Rock Slam (TV 12) (NTV 11)


False TA positions due to sweaty hands etc. were of great  concern in standard tech.  I would be inclined to leave  this until level I training and simply warn the student  not to worry about the TA position too much because it  might be false.  A case supervisor could allow for this  or get it checked out by a higher trained auditor if it  was of concern.  A beginning auditor should not be overly  worried about how the pc is holding the cans, they tend  to bother the pc about it and drive them out of session.  In auditing, tone arm action (how much the tone arm moves)  is as important as tone arm position, but TA action has  always been taught on class I.  The two topics are probably  best taught together at that level. 

Here the 1974 checksheet has

* HCOB 24 OCT 71 False TA (TV 7) (15 MAY 80 revision in TV 14 and NTV 9)

* HCOB 12 NOV 71 False TA Addition 1 (6 MAR 73 revision in TV 7) (25 MAY 80 revision in TV 14 and NTV 10)

* HCOB 15 FEB 72 False TA Addition 2 (TV 8) (26 JAN 77 revision in NTV 10)

* HCOB 18 FEB 72 False TA Addition 3 (TV 8) (25 MAY 80 revision in TV 14 and NTV 10)

* HCOB 29 FEB 72R rev 23 NOV 73 False TA Checklist (TV 8)

* HCOB 23 NOV 73 Dry and Wet Hands Make a False TA(TV 8) (25 MAY 80 revision in NTV 10)

The 1987 checksheet doesn't give any of the theory but simply has the latest version of the False TA Checklist.

HCOB 21 JAN 77RB rev 25 MAY 80 False TA Checklist (TV 13) (NTV 11)

The e-meter course checksheet adds the first of the False TA bulletins above.


A level zero auditor should know how to recognize an FN.  But note that straightwire and level zero processes used  to be used as processes for setup and case entry in the  early days and therefore can be run without proper  setup.  In those cases one might start without an FN and  therefore might not always get an FN when the process  completes.  The idea of FNing everything did not come  into fashion until the 1971 bulletin listed below.  The beginning auditor should not be concerned about  getting everything to FN on a new pc.  Everything at  level zero (and level one as well) can be run to mild  wins until the pc begins "flying" (normally FNs at  session start and on each process).  Once the pc is  doing that, it would be an error to leave something  without getting it to FN. 

Prior to 1970, only the grade itself was taken to an  FN rather than the individual processes.  This worked  when many processes were run (as above) finally leading  to a big FN that would persist despite the lack of  setups and the presence of out rudiments.  As soon  as the 1968 standard tech introduced the idea of  getting the pc flying first, the single FN produced  by a single grade zero process turned out to be an  unstable quickie result.  So the beginning auditor  also needs to know that he should keep going to a major  grade completion once the processes do start FNing.  The above is my own interpretation based on combining  older and more modern LRH data in this area.  The  org's standard tech approach would insist on FNing  everything and would often require lengthy setups  by a higher classed auditor to achieve this.  The 1974 checksheet has - 

* HCOB 21 OCT 68 Floating Needles
(TV 6) (NTV 8 and TV 11 have the 9 JUL 77 revision)

* HCOB 11 FEB 66 Free Needles & How to Get Them on a PC
(TV 6) (NTV 8 and TV 12 have the 22 FEB 79 revision)

* HCOB 21 SEP 66 ARC Break Needle
(TV 6) (NTV 8)

* HCOB 20 FEB 70 Floating Needles & End Phenomena
(TV 7) (NTV 9)
* HCOB  8 OCT 70 Persistent FN
(TV 7) (TV 14 has 30 AUG 80 reissue as KSW series 19)
(NTV 9 is the reissue without any note about it being a reissue)

* HCOB 21 MAR 74 End Phenomena
(TV 8) (NTV 10)

* HCOB 14 MAR 71 FN Everything
(TV 7 and NTV 9 have the 25 JUL 73 revision)

The 1987 checksheet only has two of the above (FN & EP and Persistent FN) plus the following -

HCOB 10 DEC 76RB revised 25 MAY 80 C/S Series 99RB  Scientology FN and TA Position.
(TV 14) (NTV 10) (original in TV 11)

The e-meter course also has

HCOB 21 JUL 78 What is a floating needle
(TV 12) (NTV 11)

HCOB  2 DEC 80 Floating Needle and TA Position Modified
(TV 13) (NTV 12)


Neither the older checksheets nor the 1974 checksheet  required a class zero student to have full metering  skills, however the 1987 checksheet does.  So it  includes a section on instant reads.  HCOB 5 AUG 78 Instant Reads    (TV 12) (NTV 11) 

TAPE 25 MAY 62 SHSBC-148/149 E-Meter Data Instant Reads (part 1 & 2)

HCOB 28 FEB 71 Meter Reading Items
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

HCOB 20 SEP 78 An Instant FN is a Read
(TV 12) (NTV 11)

The e-meter course checksheet doesn't include the last two bulletins above but it does include HCOB 29 APR 69 Assessment and Interest  (TV 6) (NTV 8)

Note that this section is not comparable to full class 3  training on how to read a meter.  It is really just enough  to get somebody into trouble.

Somebody who has already done class 4 and is retreading  level 0 or doing an internship should of course use full  metering skills at this level.  But trying to get a first  time student to accurately read a meter on somebody else  (solo is much easier) has always been a big stop on  auditor training whenever it was done in this sequence.  It is more important to get the auditor into communication  with the pc first.  Many of the late era troubles with  poor auditing are due to making auditors who are meter  technicians rather than communication terminals. 


The old level zero checksheets just had drills 1 to 10.

The 1974 checksheet has 1 to 21.  The 1987 checksheet has all 27.

The 1974 checksheet and the e-meter course checksheet  both also include expertise drills CR-3 to CR-5 (the  CR stands for cramming) which are in: 

BTB 16 JUN 71R rev 30 MAY 73 reissued 22 JUL 74 as BTB "Advanced E-Meter Drills".

All of these fit nicely among the early e-meter drills.  I would say that Drill CR 4 "See the session" is essential  and of great value.  This drill includes doing TR 4 with  admin.  The 1974 checksheet has the auditor admin section  before beginning meter training for this reason.  The  1987 checksheet has admin near the end, which is where it  was in the old days and which is probably better.  I  would suggest doing the expertise drills later rather  than moving the admin section earlier. 

Although it wasn't written up in a formal fashion, the  idea of doing TRs using a meter and auditor admin goes  way back and was common practice for HGC auditors in  the 1960s.

Oddly enough, the e-meter course does not mention the  BTB above but simply lists the drill numbers on the checksheet  with no reference for what they are or how to do them  (the BTB is in the 1974 class 0 pack). 

These expertise drills are not on the 1987 checksheet.


The 1974 checksheet puts this section after learning the  rudiments, but the 1987 checksheet has it here and I  think that is the better sequence. 

HCOB 6 NOV 64 Styles of Auditing
(the section on level 0 Listen Style Auditing)
(TV 5) (NTV 7)

* HCOB 30 APR 71 Auditing Comm Cycle
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

* HCOB 23 MAY 71 The 2 parts of auditing (basic auditing series 2)
(the 1987 checksheet has this as revised 6 DEC 74)
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

* HCOB 23 MAY 71 The 3 important comm lines (reissued 1 DEC 74 as an HCOB cancelling the BTB of the same date and title)
(from TAPE 15 OCT 63 TBD "Essentials of Auditing")
(basic aud series 3) (TV 7) (NTV 9)

* HCOB 23 MAY 71R revised 4 DEC 74 "Communications Cycles within the auditing cycle" (basic aud ser 4)
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

* HCOB 23 MAY 71R revised 29 NOV 74 "The communication cycle in auditing"  (basic aud ser 5)
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

* HCOB 12 JAN 59 Tone of Voice, Acknowledgements
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

* HCOB 17 OCT 62 Auditor Failure to Understand
(reissued verbatim 23 MAY 71 as basic auditing series 6)
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

* HCOB 7 APR 65 Premature Acknowledgements
(reissued verbatim 23 MAY 71 as basic auditing series 7)
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

* HCOB 5 FEB 66 Letting the PC Itsa
(reissued verbatim 23 MAY 71 as basic auditing series 8)
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

* HCOPL 1 JUL 65 Comm Cycle additives
(reissued as HCOB 23 MAY 71 as basic auditing series 9)
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

HCOB 20 SEP 65 Cyclical & non-cyclical process conclusions
(not on the 1987 checksheet)
(not in either TV, probably became a BTB)

* TAPE 25 JUL 63 SHSBC-290 Comm Cycles in Auditing
(this is the famous tape about Marcab which has always been on level zero)

* TAPE 6 AUG 63 SHSBC-291 Auditing Comm Cycle

* TAPE 20 AUG 63 SHSBC-296 Itsa Line

* TAPE 21 AUG 63 SHSBC-297 Itsa Line continued

* TAPE 6 FEB 64 SHSpec-5 The Comm Cycle in Auditing

* TAPE 26 JUL 66 SHSpec-71 Classification & Gradation Chart
(this last tape is not on the 1987 checksheet)

The 1987 checksheet also includes -

HCOB 23 May 71R rev 4 DEC 74 "The Magic of the Communications
Cycle" (basic aud ser 1) (this really should have been
on the 1974 checksheet)
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

HCOB 5 APR 73 reinstated 25 MAY 86 "Axiom 28 Amended"
(NTV 10) (TV 8 has the original 1973 version)
(TV 14 has the 24 Sep 80 revision)

HCOB 14 AUG 63 Lecture Graphs (which has the drawings that go with the 25 JUL 63 tape above)
(TV 5) (NTV 7)

HCOB 1 OCT 63 How To Get Tone Arm Action
(usually on level 1 or 3 rather than level 0, but not
a bad idea to have it here)
(TV 5) (NTV 7)

I would warn that the Comm Cycle Additives bulletin originally  came out in 1965 when auditors talked a lot and remind the  student that maintaining 2 way communication with the PC is  a point of the auditor's code and is senior.  The 30 APR 71 "Auditing Comm Cycle" bulletin references  HCOB 26 APR 71 "TRs and Cognitions" which should probably  also be on the course at this point. (TV 7) (NTV 9)  Note that the basic auditing series was mostly reissues of  earlier bulletins (as noted) or excepts from the various  comm cycle tapes (above). 

Older level zero checksheets usually had:

HCOB 10 DEC 64  Listen Style Auditing
And this is on the 1987 checksheet (TV 7) (NTV 9)

The older checksheets always had the Itsa Maker Line tape  listed in the essentials series above.  This was considered  one of the most important of the level zero tapes but it  slipped off of the checksheet because everybody was doing the  essentials tapes first for a brief time period.  Most of the  other essentials tapes were on that big 1967 checksheet and it  might not be a bad idea to include at least some of them.  Also, the 11 DEC 64 Scientology Zero Processes which is at  the end of the checksheet should also be studied here for  the theory in the opening section.

The 1987 checksheet also includes

HCOB 7 AUG 59 "The handling of communication processes,
some rapid data"  (TV 3) (NTV 5)

Even with all this, the class zero course has always been  deficient as to why the processes work and what you are  really doing.  It seemed a bit magical to me back in 1966.  The underlying theory goes back to early 1950s material  on flows and ridges and I didn't really have a good feel  for the level until I heard some of the older tapes.  The 1952 tapes in T88 or the PDC probably introduce too  many other things, so a slightly later tape on communication  specifically (maybe one of those in the 3rd ACC) might be  best here. 


The 1974 checksheet has -

* HCOB 7 APR 64 All Levels Q&A
(TV 5) (NTV 7)

* HCOB 3 AUG 65 Auditing Goofs - Blowdown Interruptions
(TV 6) (NTV 7)

* HCOB 7 MAY 69 5 GAEs (Gross Auditing Errors)
(TV 6) (NTV 8)

* HCOB 17 MAY 69 TRs & Dirty Needles
(TV 6) (NTV 8)

BTB 4 JUL 69 Auditing of OT III Preclears (reissued 6 JUL 74 as a BTB replacing the HCOB of the same date and title)

BTB 17 JUL 69R Flagrant Auditing Errors (revised and reissued  28 JUN 74 as a BTB replacing HCOB 17 JUL 69 same title)
(as a BTB this was omitted from the TV but is back to being an HCOB later and is in NTV 8)

Clay demos on a) the 5 GAEs, b) the effects of interrupting a BD,  c) three examples of Q&A

The 1987 checksheet only has 3 AUG 65 blowdown interruption plus:

HCOB 5 APR 80 Q&A, The Real Definition
(NTV 12)

The demos are a) the effects of interrupting a BD, b) correct  procedure when a blowdown is occurring, c) three examples of Q&A,  d) the 3 oldest rules in processing (the 1987 checksheet has  HCOPL 27 MAY 65 Processing here instead of earlier). 


The 1987 checksheet doesn't have these at all.  I would  think that this area is extremely important, maybe they  expect that it would already have been covered on an earlier  course. 

* HCOB 29 JUL 64 Good Indicators at Lower Levels
(TV 5) (NTV 7)

* BTB 26 APR 69 Bad Indicators at Lower Levels (reissued 7 JUL 74 as a BTB replacing HCOB of same date and title)
(TV 6)
(replaced by HCOB 3 MAY 80 PC Indicators in TV 14)

And auditor expertise drills ED-13 and ED-14 from the expertise BTB listed earlier under Obnosis.


The auditor's admin series was issued as HCOBs in 1972.  They were compiled by "Training & Services".  It accurately  reflected the actual practice and forms in use.  Some of  these were previously in earlier bulletins or buried in the  C/S series, and other things such as the PC assessment sheet  were simple black and white mimeos that had been in use for  many years without having been issued as bulletins.  For example,  older materials referred to the PC Assessment Sheet as "The White  Form" because it was black on white. 

The 1972 HCOBs were reissued in 1974 as BTBs and appear that  way on the 1974 checksheet.  By 1987 they had become HCOBs  again and gone through some revisions.

For brevity AA = Auditor's Admin Series.

The admin series is in TV 9 (they include BTBs in TV 9 if  they are part of a series).  The reissued ones as HCOBs  are mostly in NTV 13.

BTB 6 NOV 72 AA 14 The Worksheets
(HCOB revised & reiss as BTB 25 JUL 74)
(in 1987 this is HCOB 6 NOV 87 AA 14RA)

BTB 6 Nov 72 AA 13 Auditor's Report Form
(HCOB revised & reiss as BTB 27 AUG 74)
(in 1987 this is HCOB 5 NOV 87 AA 13RA)

BTB 6 NOV 72 AA 12 Summary Report Form
(HCOB revised & reiss as BTB 28 JUL 74)
(in 1987 this is HCOB 17 MAR 69R rev 12 NOV 87 AA 12RA)
(the older date is that of the earlier 1969 summary report HCOB)

BTB 20 JUN 70 Summary Report (HCOB reiss 21 JUL 74 as BTB)
(this is the actual form used, in the new tech vols it is HCOB 17 MAR 69R.)  

BTB 6 NOV 72 AA 11 Exam Report
(HCOB revised & reiss as BTB 30 AUG 74)
(not on the 1987 checksheet)

HCOPL 8 MAR 71 Examiner's Form
(this was the actual form used.  The 1987 checksheet has it as AA 11)

BTB 5 NOV 72 AA 7 Folder Summary
(HCOB revised & reiss as BTB 9 SEP 74)
(in 1987 this is HCOB 31 OCT 87 AA 7RA)
BTB 24 APR 69R rev 8 SEP 74 PC Assessment Sheet

(HCOB revised & reiss as BTB 8 SEP 74)
(not on the 1987 checksheet)

BPL 23 APR 68 Parent/Guardian Consent Form
(previously HCOPL 23 APR 68)
(reissued from Guardian ED 30 Int of 26 Sep 66)
(not on the 1987 checksheet)

Drill - makeup a 'dummy' pc folder with forms etc.

The 1987 checksheet also has:

HCOB 13 NOV 87 AA 3RA "The PC Folder And Its Contents"
(the 1974 checksheet should have had the 6 NOV 72
version but didn't)

HCOB 5 MAR 71 C/S series 25, AA 10, "The Fantastic New HGC Line"
(TV 7) (NTV 9)

Not on either checksheet but useful here is HCOB 15 MAY 80 "How to write up a session" in TV 13.


The 1974 checksheet has -
* HCOPL 4 APR 72R rev 7 APR 72 Ethics and Study Tech
(NTV 10 as revised 21 JUN 75)

* HCOB 14 NOV 65 Clearing Commands
(TV 5) (NTV 7)

* BTB 2 MAY 72R rev 10 JUN 74 Clearing Commands

The 1987 checksheet has -

(WC Series = Word Clearing Series)

* HCOB 21 JUN 72 WC Series 38 Method 5
(TV 8) (NTV 10 as revised 20 FEB 89)

* HCOB 8 JUL 74R rev 24 JUL 74 WC Series 53R Clear to FN
(TV 8) (NTV 10)

* HCOB 9 AUG 78 Clearing Commands
(TV 12) (NTV 11)

* HCOB 15 JUL 78RA rev 10 MAR 84 Scientology Auditing C/S-1
(NTV 11) (original in TV 12) (25 MAR 81 revision in TV 13)

Plus drilling method 5 and clearing commands on a doll.  Early level zero checksheets only had the 14 NOV 65 bulletin.

Then HCOB 9 NOV 68 "Clearing commands all levels" was used until 1972. (TV 6) (NTV 8)

Beginning around 1971, word clearing became of major importance.  The 1972 ethics policy above reinforced this with heavy  penalties.  Lists of every word used on correction lists  etc. were issued and required to be cleared on a pc before  they could start their auditing.  In the HGC, entire intensives  were used up in clearing words before any real professional  auditing would take place.  This was not inflicted on student  pcs at that time, but it was required of interns as part of  setting up a case.  Needless to say, I consider this to be  a major road block to actually getting anything done for a pc.  Simple clearing of commands worked adequately in earlier days  and massive clearing of lists of words could be used as a  remedy in special cases rather than a standard roadblock. 


This is only on the 1987 checksheet.

HCOB 7 AUG 78 Havingness, Finding and running the PC's
havingness process (TV 12) (NTV 8)

HCOB 6 OCT 60R rev 8 MAY 74 36 New Presessions
(TV 4) (NTV 5)

A great deficiency in the pre-standard tech grades was that  running havingness had pretty much been dropped.  It had been  used regularly in the old days but was not on the grade chart.  We did use these in review and the 36 New Presessions  was the main reference (it lists a large number of good  havingness processes) but it was only used as a repair rather  than a normal action. (it seems to me that the old presession list we used was either  black on white or a blue info letter rather than an HCOB - was  this reissued? - does anybody have a real 1960s copy?)  The triple grades of early standard tech added in a standard  havingness process to use at the end of each grade.  But  there was no normal use of havingness at the end of every  session. 

When expanded grades came out (1970), the old practice of  finding the pcs havingness process and using it at the end  of every session was put back in.  But this one seemed to  come and go, being required in some years and cancelled in  others throughout the 1970s.  Sometimes it was at C/S (case  supervisor) discretion.  If I recall correctly, it was out  of favor at the time of the 1974 checksheet. 

Since it is an easy to run and a beneficial action and at least  some pcs will need it, it is a good idea to have it as  part of the class zero skills.


The 1974 checksheet has -

* BTB 18 NOV 68R rev 9 JUN 74 Model Session (rev & reissue
of HCOB 18 NOV 68 same title)

* HCOB 24 MAY 70 rev 23 AUG 71 C/S Series 1 Auditor's Rights
(TV 7) (in NTV 9 as 23 AUG 71 with no hint that it
is a revision)

The 1987 checksheet has Auditor's Rights as above and -

HCOB 4 DEC 77R rev 19 AUG 87 Checklist for setting up
Sessions and an E-Meter (NTV 11) (original in NTV 11)

* HCOB 11 AUG 78 Model Session (TV 12) (NTV 11)

HCOB 7 MAR 75 Ext And Ending Session (TV 8) (NTV 10)

Throughout the 1960s, the standard structure of a session with  its rudiments etc. has been outlined in a "model session"  HCOB.  New versions were issued as the tech evolved and the  older checksheets had whatever the latest model session  bulletin was.  The original 18 Nov 68 Model Session was the  first one used for standard tech and it required flying the  rudiments.  Prior model sessions only checked and cleaned  the rudiments rather than trying to take them to an FN.  When standard tech came out in late 1968, it added in rigid  case supervision and the auditors were no longer allowed to  do anything in a session that was not expressly called for  in the CS instructions.  Therefore if the pc ARC Broke in  session, the auditor would have to end off for C/S instructions  before being permitted to handle the ARC break.  This was  one of the reasons for the massive failure of standard tech  as originally issued.  The Auditor's Rights HCOB was a major  improvement which restored the rights of an auditor to  handle certain things on his own recognisance. 


The 1974 checksheet has -

* HCOB 15 AUG 69 Flying Rudiments
(TV 6) (NTV 8)

* BTB 11 APR 74 Handling ARC Breaks (this says reissued as
a BTB but doesn't have the original HCOB date)

And also flying ruds drills ED 21 & ED 22 from

BTB 15 OCT 74 Auditor Expertise Drills Series Number 2
"Basic Session Actions Drills"    

The 1987 checksheet has -

* HCOB 11 AUG 78 Rudiments, Definitions and Patter
(TV 12) (NTV 11)

* HCOB 6 JUN 84 Missed Withhold Handling
(NTV 12 has the 12 JAN 90 revision)

The older checksheets cleaned the rudiments as given in  the 3 JUL 65 model session HCOB.  They also included the  simple ARCX handling given in HCOB 29 MAR 65 "ARC Breaks"  (TV 6).

When standard tech came out, the rudiments had to be flown  (taken to FN).  This is in the short and inadequate HCOB  of 23 SEP 68 "New Rudiments" (TV 6, NTV 8) which is clarified  by 3 OCT 68 "New Rudiment Questions" (TV 6, not in NTV) which  says that class zero auditors only do this by getting Itsa  (get the pc to talk about it and spot or identify things  himself) rather than doing ARC break assessments and so forth.  Following this, there was an HCOB probably in 1969 which  gave rudiments for lower levels.  This was similar to  the 11 Aug 78 bulletin but substituted Itsa and going  earlier similar for the complex handling.  This became a  BTB and then was cancelled before the tech volumes came  out and therefor did not get into them. 

Simple handling by means of communication techniques (Itsa)  would seem to be the best way rather than attempting to teach  metering or formal handling of rudiments at this level.  The actual theory and understanding of ARC Breaks, for  example, is on level 3 and giving a level 0 student an  ARC Break assessment to do without giving him all the  level 3 theory behind it is just asking to make a robot  who has no real understanding of the technique that he  is using.